[ovs-dev] [PATCH v2 00/14] Support multi-segment mbufs

Tiago Lam tiago.lam at intel.com
Wed Jul 4 18:06:21 UTC 2018

This patchset introduces support for multi-segment mbufs to OvS-DPDK.
Multi-segment mbufs are typically used when the size of an mbuf is
insufficient to contain the entirety of a packet's data. Instead, the
data is split across numerous mbufs, each carrying a portion, or
'segment', of the packet data. mbufs are chained via their 'next'
attribute (an mbuf pointer).

Use Cases
i.  Handling oversized (guest-originated) frames, which are marked
    for hardware accelration/offload (TSO, for example).

    Packets which originate from a non-DPDK source may be marked for
    offload; as such, they may be larger than the permitted ingress
    interface's MTU, and may be stored in an oversized dp-packet. In
    order to transmit such packets over a DPDK port, their contents
    must be copied to a DPDK mbuf (via dpdk_do_tx_copy). However, in
    its current implementation, that function only copies data into
    a single mbuf; if the space available in the mbuf is exhausted,
    but not all packet data has been copied, then it is lost.
    Similarly, when cloning a DPDK mbuf, it must be considered
    whether that mbuf contains multiple segments. Both issues are
    resolved within this patchset.

ii. Handling jumbo frames.

    While OvS already supports jumbo frames, it does so by increasing
    mbuf size, such that the entirety of a jumbo frame may be handled
    in a single mbuf. This is certainly the preferred, and most
    performant approach (and remains the default).

Enabling multi-segment mbufs
Multi-segment and single-segment mbufs are mutually exclusive, and the
user must decide on which approach to adopt on init. The introduction
of a new OVSDB field, 'dpdk-multi-seg-mbufs', facilitates this.

This is a global boolean value, which determines how jumbo frames are
represented across all DPDK ports. In the absence of a user-supplied
value, 'dpdk-multi-seg-mbufs' defaults to false, i.e. multi-segment
mbufs must be explicitly enabled / single-segment mbufs remain the

Setting the field is identical to setting existing DPDK-specific OVSDB

    ovs-vsctl set Open_vSwitch . other_config:dpdk-init=true
    ovs-vsctl set Open_vSwitch . other_config:dpdk-lcore-mask=0x10
    ovs-vsctl set Open_vSwitch . other_config:dpdk-socket-mem=4096,0
==> ovs-vsctl set Open_vSwitch . other_config:dpdk-multi-seg-mbufs=true

Performance notes (based on v8)
In order to test for regressions in performance, tests were run on top
of master 88125d6 and v8 of this patchset, both with the multi-segment
mbufs option enabled and disabled.

VSperf was used to run the phy2phy_cont and pvp_cont tests with varying
packet sizes of 64B, 1500B and 7000B, on a 10Gbps interface.

Test | Size | Master | Multi-seg disabled | Multi-seg enabled
p2p  |  64  | ~22.7  |      ~22.65        |       ~18.3
p2p  | 1500 |  ~1.6  |        ~1.6        |        ~1.6
p2p  | 7000 | ~0.36  |       ~0.36        |       ~0.36
pvp  |  64  |  ~6.7  |        ~6.7        |        ~6.3
pvp  | 1500 |  ~1.6  |        ~1.6        |        ~1.6
pvp  | 7000 | ~0.36  |       ~0.36        |       ~0.36

Packet size is in bytes, while all packet rates are reported in mpps

No noticeable regression has been observed (certainly everything is
within the ± 5% margin of existing performance), aside from the 64B
packet size case when multi-segment mbuf is enabled. This is
expected, however, because of how Tx vectoriszed functions are
incompatible with multi-segment mbufs on some PMDs. The PMD under
use during these tests was the i40e (on a Intel X710 NIC), which
indeed doesn't support vectorized Tx functions with multi-segment

    - Rebase on master e7cd8cf ("db-ctl-base: Don't die in cmd_destroy() on
    - Address Eelco's comments:
        - In free_dpdk_buf(), use mbuf's struct address in dp_packet instead of
        - Remove unneeded variable in dp_packet_set_size(), pointing to the
          first mbuf in the chain;
        - Assert in dp_packet_set_size() to enforce that "pkt_len == v" is
          always true for DPBUF_DPDK packets;
        - Assert in __packet_set_data() to enforce that data_off never goes
          beyond the first mbuf in the chain.

    - v8 should have been sent as v1 really, as that's usually the approach
      followed in OvS. That clearly didn't happen, so restarting the series
      now. This also helps making it clear it is no longer an RFC series;
    - Rebase on master e461481 ("ofp-meter: Fix ofp_print_meter_flags()
    - Address Eelco's comments:
        - Change dp_packet_size() so that for `DPBUF_DPDK` packets their
          `pkt_len` and `data_len` can't be set to values bigger than the
          available space. Also fix assigment to `data_len` which was
          incorrectly being set to just`pkt_len`;
        - Improve `nonpmd_mp_mutex` comment with a better explanation as to
          why the mutex is needed;
        - Fix dp_packet_clear() to not call rte_pktmbuf_reset() for non
          `DPBUF_DPDK` packets;
        - Dropped `if` clause in dp_packet_l4_size(), keep just the `else`;
        - Change dp_packet_clone_with_headroom() to use rte_pktmbuf_read() for
          copying `DPBUF_DPDK` packets' data. Also, change it to return
          appropriate and meaningful errors, instead of just "0" or "1";
        - Change dpdk_prep_tx_buf() name's to dpdk_clone_dp_packet_to_mbuf(),
          and reuse dp_packet_mbuf_write() instead of manual copy;
        - Add note vswitchd/vswitch.xml to make it clear the enabling of
          dpdk-multi-seg-mbufs requires a restart;
    - Change dpdk_mp_create() to increase # mbufs used under the multi-segment
      mbufs approach;
    - Increase test coverage by adding "end-to-end" tests that verify that
      "dpdk-multi-seg-mbufs" is disabled by default and that a packet is
      successfully sent out;
    - Some helper funcs such as dp_packet_tail() and dp_packet_end() were moved
      back to be common between `DPBUF_DPDK` and non `DPBUF_DPDK` packets, to
      minimise changes;
    - Add some extra notes to "Performance notes" in jumbo-frames.rst doc,
      after further testing;
    - Structure changes:
      - Drop patch 07/13 which is now unneeded;
      - Two more patches added for extra test coverage. This is what accounts
        for the increase in size (+1 patch) in the series.

v8 (non-RFC): 
    - Rebase on master 88125d6 ("rhel: remove ovs-sim man page from
      temporary directory (also for RHEL)");
    - Address Ciara's and Ilya's comments:
        - Drop the dp_packet_mbuf_tail() function and use only the
          already existing dp_packet_tail();
        - Fix bug in dpdk_do_tx_copy() where the error return from
          dpdk_prep_tx_buf() was being wrongly checked;
        - Use dpdk_buf_alloc() and free_dpdk_buf() instead of
          rte_pktmbuf_alloc() and rte_pktmbuf_free();
        - Fix some other code style and duplication issues pointed out.
    - Refactored dp_packet_shift(), dp_packet_resize__() and
      dp_packet_put*() functions to work within the bounds of existing
      mbufs only;
    - Fix dp_packet_clear() which wasn't correctly clearing / freeing
      other mbufs in the chain for chains with more than a single mbuf;
    - dp_packet layer functions (such as dp_packet_l3()) now check if
      the header is within the first mbuf, when using mbufs;
    - Move patch 08/13 to before patch 04/13, since dp_packet_set_size()
      was refactored to use free_dpdk_buf();
    - Fix wrong rte_memcpy() when performing dp_packet_clone() which was
      leading to memory corruption; 
    - Modified the added tests to account for some of the above changes;
    - Run performance tests, compiling results and adding them to the
      cover letter;
    - Add a multi-seg mbufs explanation to the jumbo-frames.rst doc,
      together with a "Performance notes" sub-section reflecting the
      findings mentioned above in the cover letter.
v7:  - Rebase on master 5e720da ("erspan: fix invalid erspan version.");
     - Address Ilya comments;
        - Fix non-DPDK build;
        - Serialise the access of non pmds to allocation and free of mbufs by
          using a newly introduced mutex.
     - Add a new set of tests that integrates with the recently added DPDK
       testsuite. These focus on allocating dp_packets, with a single or
       multiple mbufs, from an instantiated mempool and performing several
       operations on those, verifying if the data at the end matches what's
     - Fix bugs found by the new tests:
        - dp_packet_shift() wasn't taking into account shift lefts;
        - dp_packet_resize__() was misusing and miscalculating the tailrooms
          and headrooms, ending up calculating the wrong number of segments
          that needed allocation;
        - An mbuf's end was being miscalculated both in dp_packet_tail,
          dp_packet_mbuf_tail() and dp_packet_end();
        - dp_packet_set_size() was not updating the number of chained segments
     - Add support for multi-seg mbufs in dp_packet_clear().

v6:  - Rebase on master 7c0cb29 ("conntrack-tcp: Handle tcp session
     - Further improve dp_packet_put_uninit() and dp_packet_shift() to
       support multi-seg mbufs;
     - Add support for multi-seg mbufs in dp_packet_l4_size() and
       improve other helper funcs, such as dp_packet_tail() and dp_
     - Add support for multi-seg mbufs in dp_packet_put(), dp_packet_
       put_zeros(), as well as dp_packet_resize__() - allocating new
       mbufs and linking them together;
     Restructured patchset:
     - Squash patch 5 into patch 6, since they were both related to
       copying data while handling multi-seg mbufs;
     - Split patch 4 into two separate patches - one that introduces the
       changes in helper functions to deal with multi-seg mbufs and
       two others for the shift() and put_uninit() functionality;
     - Move patch 4 to before patch 3, so that ihelper functions come
       before functionality improvement that rely on those helpers.

v5: - Rebased on master e5e22dc ("datapath-windows: Prevent ct-counters
      from getting redundantly incremented");
    - Sugesh's comments have been addressed:
      - Changed dp_packet_set_data() and dp_packet_set_size() logic to
        make them independent of each other;
      - Dropped patch 3 now that dp_packet_set_data() and dp_packet_set_
        size() are independent;
      - dp_packet_clone_with_headroom() now has split functions for
        handling DPDK sourced packets and non-DPDK packets;
    - Modified various functions in dp-packet.h to account for multi-seg
      mbufs - dp_packet_put_uninit(), dp_packet_tail(), dp_packet_tail()
      and dp_packet_at();
    - Added support for shifting packet data in multi-seg mbufs, using
    - Fixed some minor inconsistencies.

    Note that some of the changes in v5 have been contributed by Mark
    Kavanagh as well.

v4: - restructure patchset
    - account for 128B ARM cacheline when sizing mbufs

Mark Kavanagh (4):
  netdev-dpdk: fix mbuf sizing
  dp-packet: Init specific mbuf fields.
  netdev-dpdk: copy large packet to multi-seg. mbufs
  netdev-dpdk: support multi-segment jumbo frames

Michael Qiu (1):
  dp-packet: copy data from multi-seg. DPDK mbuf

Tiago Lam (9):
  dp-packet: Fix allocated size on DPDK init.
  netdev-dpdk: Serialise non-pmds mbufs' alloc/free.
  dp-packet: Fix data_len handling multi-seg mbufs.
  dp-packet: Handle multi-seg mbufs in helper funcs.
  dp-packet: Handle multi-seg mubfs in shift() func.
  dp-packet: Handle multi-seg mbufs in resize__().
  dpdk-tests: Add uni-tests for multi-seg mbufs.
  dpdk-tests: Accept other configs in OVS_DPDK_START
  dpdk-tests: End-to-end tests for multi-seg mbufs.

 Documentation/topics/dpdk/jumbo-frames.rst |  51 +++
 NEWS                                       |   1 +
 lib/dp-packet.c                            | 221 +++++++++++-
 lib/dp-packet.h                            | 214 ++++++++++--
 lib/dpdk.c                                 |   8 +
 lib/netdev-dpdk.c                          | 225 +++++++++++--
 lib/netdev-dpdk.h                          |   2 +
 tests/automake.mk                          |  10 +-
 tests/dpdk-packet-mbufs.at                 |   7 +
 tests/system-dpdk-macros.at                |   7 +-
 tests/system-dpdk-testsuite.at             |   1 +
 tests/system-dpdk.at                       |  65 ++++
 tests/test-dpdk-mbufs.c                    | 518 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 vswitchd/vswitch.xml                       |  23 ++
 14 files changed, 1280 insertions(+), 73 deletions(-)
 create mode 100644 tests/dpdk-packet-mbufs.at
 create mode 100644 tests/test-dpdk-mbufs.c


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