[ovs-dev] [PATCH ovn v2] ofctrl: Add a predictable resolution for conflicting flow actions.

Mark Michelson mmichels at redhat.com
Thu Sep 10 20:33:45 UTC 2020


Acked-by: Mark Michelson <mmichels at redhat.com>

Ideally, I'd like it more if when we detected conflicts we just didn't 
install ANY of the conflicts, just because it's not always possible to 
know what the intention of the admin was. This sort of behavior 
encourages admins to leave in ACL conflicts instead of fixing the damn 
things :)

However, I also understand that from an admin's perspective, it may not 
be clear that ACLs are actually in conflict. And in the majority of 
cases, ACLs will be created in this way where a less restrictive deny 
should be installed instead of the more restrictive allows. This means 
we're more likely to deny traffic than allow it, and that's better than 
allowing traffic that is expected to be denied.

At least this change logs the conflicting ACLs so that the admin has the 
option to fix it if it's not doing what's expected.

On 9/10/20 3:03 PM, Dumitru Ceara wrote:
> Until now, in case the ACL configuration generates openflows that have
> the same match but different actions, ovn-controller was using the
> following approach:
> 1. If the flow being added contains conjunctive actions, merge its
>     actions with the already existing flow.
> 2. Otherwise, if the flow is being added incrementally
>     (update_installed_flows_by_track), don't install the new flow but
>     instead keep the old one.
> 3. Otherwise, (update_installed_flows_by_compare), don't install the
>     new flow but instead keep the old one.
> 
> Even though one can argue that having an ACL with a match that includes
> the match of another ACL is a misconfiguration, it can happen that the
> users provision OVN like this. Depending on the order of reading and
> installing the logical flows, the above operations can yield
> unpredictable results, e.g., allow specific traffic but then after
> ovn-controller is restarted (or a recompute happens) that specific
> traffic starts being dropped.
> 
> A simple example of ACL configuration is:
> ovn-nbctl acl-add ls to-lport 3 '(ip4.src==10.0.0.1 ||
> ip4.src==10.0.0.2) && (ip4.dst == 10.0.0.3 || ip4.dst == 10.0.0.4)' allow
> ovn-nbctl acl-add ls to-lport 3 'ip4.src==10.0.0.1' allow
> ovn-nbctl acl-add ls to-lport 2 'arp' allow
> ovn-nbctl acl-add ls to-lport 1 'ip4' drop
> 
> This is a pattern used by most CMSs:
> - define a default deny policy.
> - punch holes in the default deny policy based on user specific
>    configurations.
> 
> Without this commit the behavior for traffic from 10.0.0.1 to 10.0.0.5
> is unpredictable. Depending on the order of operations traffic might be
> dropped or allowed.
> 
> It's also quite hard to force the CMS to ensure that such match overlaps
> never occur.
> 
> To address this issue we now resolve conflicts between flows with the
> same match and different actions by giving precedence to less
> restrictive flows. This means that if the installed flow has action
> "conjunction" and the desired flow doesn't then we prefer the desired
> flow. Similarly, if the desired flow has action "conjunction" and the
> installed flow doesn't then we prefer the already installed flow.
> 
> CC: Daniel Alvarez <dalvarez at redhat.com>
> CC: Han Zhou <hzhou at ovn.org>
> CC: Mark Michelson <mmichels at redhat.com>
> CC: Numan Siddique <numans at ovn.org>
> Reported-at: https://bugzilla.redhat.com/1871931
> Signed-off-by: Dumitru Ceara <dceara at redhat.com>
> ---
> v2:
> - Address Han's comments:
>    - Do not delete desired flow that cannot be merged, it might be
>      installed later.
>    - Fix typos in the commit log.
> - Update the test to check the OVS flows.
> ---
>   controller/ofctrl.c | 124 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++--
>   tests/ovn.at        | 170 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
>   2 files changed, 289 insertions(+), 5 deletions(-)
> 
> diff --git a/controller/ofctrl.c b/controller/ofctrl.c
> index 81a00c8..819e8cf 100644
> --- a/controller/ofctrl.c
> +++ b/controller/ofctrl.c
> @@ -916,6 +916,57 @@ link_flow_to_sb(struct ovn_desired_flow_table *flow_table,
>       ovs_list_insert(&stf->flows, &sfr->flow_list);
>   }
>   
> +static bool
> +flow_action_has_conj(const struct ovn_flow *f)
> +{
> +    const struct ofpact *a = NULL;
> +
> +    OFPACT_FOR_EACH (a, f->ofpacts, f->ofpacts_len) {
> +        if (a->type == OFPACT_CONJUNCTION) {
> +            return true;
> +        }
> +    }
> +    return false;
> +}
> +
> +/* Returns true if the actions of 'f1' cannot be merged with the actions of
> + * 'f2'. This is the case when one of the flow contains action "conjunction"
> + * and the other doesn't. The function always populates 'f1_has_conj' and
> + * 'f2_has_conj'.
> + */
> +static bool
> +flow_actions_conflict(const struct ovn_flow *f1, const struct ovn_flow *f2,
> +                      bool *f1_has_conj, bool *f2_has_conj)
> +{
> +    *f1_has_conj = flow_action_has_conj(f1);
> +    *f2_has_conj = flow_action_has_conj(f2);
> +
> +    if ((*f1_has_conj) && !(*f2_has_conj) && f2->ofpacts_len) {
> +        return true;
> +    }
> +
> +    if ((*f2_has_conj) && !(*f1_has_conj) && f1->ofpacts_len) {
> +        return true;
> +    }
> +
> +    return false;
> +}
> +
> +static void
> +flow_log_actions_conflict(const char *msg, const struct ovn_flow *f1,
> +                          const struct ovn_flow *f2)
> +{
> +    static struct vlog_rate_limit rl = VLOG_RATE_LIMIT_INIT(5, 1);
> +
> +    char *f1_s = ovn_flow_to_string(f1);
> +    char *f2_s = ovn_flow_to_string(f2);
> +
> +    VLOG_WARN_RL(&rl, "Flow actions conflict: %s, flow-1: %s, flow-2: %s",
> +                 msg, f1_s, f2_s);
> +    free(f1_s);
> +    free(f2_s);
> +}
> +
>   /* Flow table interfaces to the rest of ovn-controller. */
>   
>   /* Adds a flow to 'desired_flows' with the specified 'match' and 'actions' to
> @@ -985,14 +1036,46 @@ ofctrl_add_or_append_flow(struct ovn_desired_flow_table *desired_flows,
>       struct desired_flow *existing;
>       existing = desired_flow_lookup(desired_flows, &f->flow, NULL);
>       if (existing) {
> -        /* There's already a flow with this particular match. Append the
> -         * action to that flow rather than adding a new flow
> +        /* There's already a flow with this particular match. Try to append
> +         * the action to that flow rather than adding a new flow.
> +         *
> +         * If exactly one of the existing or new flow includes a conjunction
> +         * action then we can't merge the actions. In that case keep the flow
> +         * without conjunction action as this is the least restrictive one.
> +         */
> +        bool existing_conj = false;
> +        bool new_conj = false;
> +
> +        if (flow_actions_conflict(&existing->flow, &f->flow, &existing_conj,
> +                                  &new_conj)) {
> +            flow_log_actions_conflict("Cannot merge conj with non-conj action",
> +                                      &existing->flow, &f->flow);
> +        }
> +
> +        /* If the existing flow is less restrictive (i.e., no conjunction
> +         * action) then keep it installed. Store however the flow with
> +         * conjunction action too as it will be installed when the current
> +         * one is removed.
>            */
> +        if (!existing_conj && new_conj) {
> +            hmap_insert(&desired_flows->match_flow_table, &f->match_hmap_node,
> +                        f->flow.hash);
> +            link_flow_to_sb(desired_flows, f, sb_uuid);
> +            return;
> +        }
> +
>           uint64_t compound_stub[64 / 8];
>           struct ofpbuf compound;
>           ofpbuf_use_stub(&compound, compound_stub, sizeof(compound_stub));
> -        ofpbuf_put(&compound, existing->flow.ofpacts,
> -                   existing->flow.ofpacts_len);
> +
> +        /* Only merge actions if both flows either have action conjunction
> +         * or non-conjunction. Otherwise use the actions in the new flow,
> +         * the least restrictive.
> +         */
> +        if (existing_conj == new_conj) {
> +            ofpbuf_put(&compound, existing->flow.ofpacts,
> +                       existing->flow.ofpacts_len);
> +        }
>           ofpbuf_put(&compound, f->flow.ofpacts, f->flow.ofpacts_len);
>   
>           free(existing->flow.ofpacts);
> @@ -1687,6 +1770,21 @@ update_installed_flows_by_compare(struct ovn_desired_flow_table *flow_table,
>               /* Copy 'd' from 'flow_table' to installed_flows. */
>               i = installed_flow_dup(d);
>               hmap_insert(&installed_flows, &i->match_hmap_node, i->flow.hash);
> +        } else if (i->desired_flow != d) {
> +            /* If a matching installed flow was found but its actions are
> +             * conflicting with the desired flow actions, we should chose
> +             * to install the least restrictive one (i.e., no conjunctive
> +             * action).
> +             */
> +            bool i_conj = false;
> +            bool d_conj = false;
> +
> +            if (flow_actions_conflict(&i->flow, &d->flow, &i_conj, &d_conj) &&
> +                    i_conj && !d_conj) {
> +                flow_log_actions_conflict("Use new flow", &i->flow, &d->flow);
> +                installed_flow_mod(&i->flow, &d->flow, msgs);
> +                ovn_flow_log(&i->flow, "updating installed");
> +            }
>           }
>           link_installed_to_desired(i, d);
>       }
> @@ -1817,7 +1915,23 @@ update_installed_flows_by_track(struct ovn_desired_flow_table *flow_table,
>                   installed_flow_mod(&i->flow, &f->flow, msgs);
>               } else {
>                   /* Adding a new flow that conflicts with an existing installed
> -                 * flow, so just add it to the link. */
> +                 * flow, so just add it to the link.
> +                 *
> +                 * However, if the existing installed flow is less restrictive
> +                 * (i.e., no conjunctive action), we should chose it over the
> +                 * existing installed flow.
> +                 */
> +                bool i_conj = false;
> +                bool f_conj = false;
> +
> +                if (flow_actions_conflict(&i->flow, &f->flow, &i_conj,
> +                                          &f_conj) &&
> +                        i_conj && !f_conj) {
> +                    flow_log_actions_conflict("Use new flow",
> +                                              &i->flow, &f->flow);
> +                    ovn_flow_log(&i->flow, "updating installed (tracked)");
> +                    installed_flow_mod(&i->flow, &f->flow, msgs);
> +                }
>                   link_installed_to_desired(i, f);
>               }
>               /* The track_list_node emptyness is used to check if the node is
> diff --git a/tests/ovn.at b/tests/ovn.at
> index 4e58722..ec9fe0f 100644
> --- a/tests/ovn.at
> +++ b/tests/ovn.at
> @@ -13709,6 +13709,176 @@ grep conjunction.*conjunction.*conjunction | wc -l`])
>   OVN_CLEANUP([hv1])
>   AT_CLEANUP
>   
> +AT_SETUP([ovn -- Superseeding ACLs with conjunction])
> +ovn_start
> +
> +ovn-nbctl ls-add ls1
> +
> +ovn-nbctl lsp-add ls1 ls1-lp1 \
> +-- lsp-set-addresses ls1-lp1 "f0:00:00:00:00:01"
> +
> +ovn-nbctl lsp-add ls1 ls1-lp2 \
> +-- lsp-set-addresses ls1-lp2 "f0:00:00:00:00:02"
> +
> +net_add n1
> +sim_add hv1
> +
> +as hv1
> +ovs-vsctl add-br br-phys
> +ovn_attach n1 br-phys 192.168.0.1
> +ovs-vsctl -- add-port br-int hv1-vif1 -- \
> +    set interface hv1-vif1 external-ids:iface-id=ls1-lp1 \
> +    options:tx_pcap=hv1/vif1-tx.pcap \
> +    options:rxq_pcap=hv1/vif1-rx.pcap \
> +    ofport-request=1
> +
> +ovs-vsctl -- add-port br-int hv1-vif2 -- \
> +    set interface hv1-vif2 external-ids:iface-id=ls1-lp2 \
> +    options:tx_pcap=hv1/vif2-tx.pcap \
> +    options:rxq_pcap=hv1/vif2-rx.pcap \
> +    ofport-request=2
> +
> +# test_ip INPORT SRC_MAC DST_MAC SRC_IP DST_IP OUTPORT...
> +#
> +# This shell function causes an ip packet to be received on INPORT.
> +# The packet's content has Ethernet destination DST and source SRC
> +# (each exactly 12 hex digits) and Ethernet type ETHTYPE (4 hex digits).
> +# The OUTPORTs (zero or more) list the VIFs on which the packet should
> +# be received.  INPORT and the OUTPORTs are specified as logical switch
> +# port numbers, e.g. 11 for vif11.
> +test_ip() {
> +    # This packet has bad checksums but logical L3 routing doesn't check.
> +    local inport=$1 src_mac=$2 dst_mac=$3 src_ip=$4 dst_ip=$5
> +    local packet=${dst_mac}${src_mac}08004500001c0000000040110000${src_ip}\
> +${dst_ip}0035111100080000
> +    shift; shift; shift; shift; shift
> +    as hv1 ovs-appctl netdev-dummy/receive hv1-vif1 $packet
> +    for outport; do
> +        echo $packet >> $outport.expected
> +    done
> +}
> +
> +ip_to_hex() {
> +    printf "%02x%02x%02x%02x" "$@"
> +}
> +
> +reset_pcap_file() {
> +    local iface=$1
> +    local pcap_file=$2
> +    ovs-vsctl -- set Interface $iface options:tx_pcap=dummy-tx.pcap \
> +options:rxq_pcap=dummy-rx.pcap
> +    rm -f ${pcap_file}*.pcap
> +    ovs-vsctl -- set Interface $iface options:tx_pcap=${pcap_file}-tx.pcap \
> +options:rxq_pcap=${pcap_file}-rx.pcap
> +}
> +
> +# Add a default deny ACL and an allow ACL for specific IP traffic.
> +ovn-nbctl acl-add ls1 to-lport 2 'arp' allow
> +ovn-nbctl acl-add ls1 to-lport 1 'ip4' drop
> +ovn-nbctl acl-add ls1 to-lport 3 '(ip4.src==10.0.0.1 || ip4.src==10.0.0.2) && (ip4.dst == 10.0.0.3 || ip4.dst == 10.0.0.4)' allow
> +ovn-nbctl --wait=hv sync
> +
> +# Traffic 10.0.0.1, 10.0.0.2 -> 10.0.0.3, 10.0.0.4 should be allowed.
> +for src in `seq 1 2`; do
> +    for dst in `seq 3 4`; do
> +        sip=`ip_to_hex 10 0 0 $src`
> +        dip=`ip_to_hex 10 0 0 $dst`
> +
> +        test_ip 1 f00000000001 f00000000002 $sip $dip 2
> +    done
> +done
> +
> +# Traffic 10.0.0.1, 10.0.0.2 -> 10.0.0.5 should be dropped.
> +dip=`ip_to_hex 10 0 0 5`
> +for src in `seq 1 2`; do
> +    sip=`ip_to_hex 10 0 0 $src`
> +
> +    test_ip 1 f00000000001 f00000000002 $sip $dip
> +done
> +
> +cat 2.expected > expout
> +$PYTHON "$ovs_srcdir/utilities/ovs-pcap.in" hv1/vif2-tx.pcap > 2.packets
> +AT_CHECK([cat 2.packets], [0], [expout])
> +reset_pcap_file hv1-vif2 hv1/vif2
> +rm -f 2.packets
> +> 2.expected
> +
> +# Add a less restrictive allow ACL for src IP 10.0.0.1
> +ovn-nbctl acl-add ls1 to-lport 3 'ip4.src==10.0.0.1' allow
> +ovn-nbctl --wait=hv sync
> +
> +# Check OVS flows, the less restrictive flows should have been installed.
> +AT_CHECK([as hv1 ovs-ofctl dump-flows br-int table=44 | \
> +    grep "priority=1003" | awk '{print $7 " " $8}' | sort], [0], [dnl
> +priority=1003,conj_id=2,ip,metadata=0x1 actions=resubmit(,45)
> +priority=1003,ip,metadata=0x1,nw_dst=10.0.0.3 actions=conjunction(2,1/2)
> +priority=1003,ip,metadata=0x1,nw_dst=10.0.0.4 actions=conjunction(2,1/2)
> +priority=1003,ip,metadata=0x1,nw_src=10.0.0.1 actions=resubmit(,45)
> +priority=1003,ip,metadata=0x1,nw_src=10.0.0.2 actions=conjunction(2,2/2)
> +])
> +
> +# Traffic 10.0.0.1, 10.0.0.2 -> 10.0.0.3, 10.0.0.4 should be allowed.
> +for src in `seq 1 2`; do
> +    for dst in `seq 3 4`; do
> +        sip=`ip_to_hex 10 0 0 $src`
> +        dip=`ip_to_hex 10 0 0 $dst`
> +
> +        test_ip 1 f00000000001 f00000000002 $sip $dip 2
> +    done
> +done
> +
> +# Traffic 10.0.0.2 -> 10.0.0.5 should be dropped.
> +sip=`ip_to_hex 10 0 0 2`
> +dip=`ip_to_hex 10 0 0 5`
> +test_ip 1 f00000000001 f00000000002 $sip $dip
> +
> +# Traffic 10.0.0.1 -> 10.0.0.5 should be allowed.
> +sip=`ip_to_hex 10 0 0 1`
> +dip=`ip_to_hex 10 0 0 5`
> +test_ip 1 f00000000001 f00000000002 $sip $dip 2
> +
> +cat 2.expected > expout
> +$PYTHON "$ovs_srcdir/utilities/ovs-pcap.in" hv1/vif2-tx.pcap > 2.packets
> +AT_CHECK([cat 2.packets], [0], [expout])
> +reset_pcap_file hv1-vif2 hv1/vif2
> +rm -f 2.packets
> +> 2.expected
> +
> +# Remove the less restrictive allow ACL.
> +ovn-nbctl acl-del ls1 to-lport 3 'ip4.src==10.0.0.1'
> +ovn-nbctl --wait=hv sync
> +
> +# Check OVS flows, the 10.0.0.1 conjunction should have been reinstalled.
> +AT_CHECK([as hv1 ovs-ofctl dump-flows br-int table=44 | \
> +    grep "priority=1003" | awk '{print $7 " " $8}' | sort], [0], [dnl
> +priority=1003,conj_id=2,ip,metadata=0x1 actions=resubmit(,45)
> +priority=1003,ip,metadata=0x1,nw_dst=10.0.0.3 actions=conjunction(2,1/2)
> +priority=1003,ip,metadata=0x1,nw_dst=10.0.0.4 actions=conjunction(2,1/2)
> +priority=1003,ip,metadata=0x1,nw_src=10.0.0.1 actions=conjunction(2,2/2)
> +priority=1003,ip,metadata=0x1,nw_src=10.0.0.2 actions=conjunction(2,2/2)
> +])
> +
> +# Traffic 10.0.0.1, 10.0.0.2 -> 10.0.0.3, 10.0.0.4 should be allowed.
> +for src in `seq 1 2`; do
> +    for dst in `seq 3 4`; do
> +        sip=`ip_to_hex 10 0 0 $src`
> +        dip=`ip_to_hex 10 0 0 $dst`
> +
> +        test_ip 1 f00000000001 f00000000002 $sip $dip 2
> +    done
> +done
> +
> +# Traffic 10.0.0.1, 10.0.0.2 -> 10.0.0.5 should be dropped.
> +dip=`ip_to_hex 10 0 0 5`
> +for src in `seq 1 2`; do
> +    sip=`ip_to_hex 10 0 0 $src`
> +
> +    test_ip 1 f00000000001 f00000000002 $sip $dip
> +done
> +
> +OVN_CLEANUP([hv1])
> +AT_CLEANUP
> +
>   # 3 hypervisors, one logical switch, 3 logical ports per hypervisor
>   AT_SETUP([ovn -- L2 Drop and Allow ACL w/ Stateful ACL])
>   ovn_start
> 



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